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United Nations resolutions on housing rights

The following provides an overview of selected United Nations resolutions (and decisions) on the human right to adequate housing. The resolutions/decisions are grouped by thematic area and United Nations body.

A fully searchable electronic compilation of most of these resolutions is also available: Click here to view (or download) Compiled HTML version Click here to download zipped version of the Compiled HTML file


Housing rights in general

  • General Assembly
    • Resolution 41/146: Realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 4 December 1986.
    • Resolution 42/146: Realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 7 December 1987.
  • Economic and Social Council
    • Resolution 1986/41: Realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 23 May 1986.
    • Resolution 1987/62: Realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 29 May 1987.
    • Resolution 1994/8: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 22 July 1994.
  • Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (formerly Commission on Human Settlements)
    • Resolution 14/6: The human right to adequate housing, adopted 5 May 1993.
    • Resolution 15/2: Report on housing rights strategy, adopted 1 May 1995.
    • Resolution 16/7: The realization of the human right to adequate housing, adopted 7 May 1997.
    • Resolution 18/3: Global campaigns for secure tenure and urban governance, adopted 16 February 2001.
    • Resolution 19/3: Global campaigns on secure tenure and urban governance, adopted 9 May 2003.
    • Resolution 20/12: Global campaigns on secure tenure and urban governance, adopted 8 April 2005.
    • Resolution 20/13: Housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living for persons who are vulnerable and disadvantaged, adopted 8 April 2005.
  • Commission on Human Rights
    • Resolution 1986/36: The realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 12 March 1986.
    • Resolution 1987/22: The realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 10 March 1987.
    • Resolution 1988/24: The realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 7 March 1988.
    • Decision 1993/103: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, decided 4 March 1993.
    • Resolution 1994/14: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 25 February 1994.
    • Resolution 1995/19: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 24 February 1995.
    • Resolution 2000/9: Question of the realization in all countries of the economic, social and cultural rights contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and study of special problems which the developing countries face in their efforts to achieve these human rights, adopted 17 April 2000.
    • Resolution 2001/28: Adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, adopted 20 April 2001.
    • Resolution 2002/21: Adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living , adopted 22 April 2002.
    • Resolution 2003/27: Adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, adopted 22 April 2003.
    • Resolution 2004/21: Adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, adopted 16 April 2004.
  • Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (formerly Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities)
    • Resolution 1991/26: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 29 August 1991.
    • Resolution 1992/26: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 22 August 1992.
    • Resolution 1993/36: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 25 August 1993.
    • Resolution 1994/38: Promoting the realization of the right to adequate housing, adopted 26 August 1994.
    • Resolution 1995/27: Promoting the realization of the human right to adequate housing, adopted 24 August 1995.

Forced evictions

  • Economic and Social Council
    • Decision 1998/292: Freedom of movement and population transfer, decided 31 July 1998.
  • Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (formerly Commission on Human Settlements)
    • Resolution 19/5: Implementing and monitoring the goal of the United Nations Millennium Declaration on improving the lives of slum dwellers, adopted 9 May 2003.
  • Commission on Human Rights
  • Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (formerly Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities)

Women's housing rights

  • Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (formerly Commission on Human Settlements)
    • Resolution 8/19: Women and human settlements, adopted 8 May 1985.
    • Resolution 9/9: Participation of women in the solution of human settlements problems, adopted 16 May 1986.
    • Resolution 10/17: Participation of women in the solution of human settlements problems, adopted 16 April 1987.
    • Resolution 13/13: Promoting the advancement of women in human settlements development and management, adopted 8 May 1991.
    • Resolution 14/4: Promoting the advancement of women in human settlements development, adopted 5 May 1993.
    • Resolution 15/3: Promoting the advancement of women in human settlements development, adopted 1 May 1995.
    • Resolution 16/6: Women in human settlements development, adopted 7 May 1997.
    • Resolution 17/11: Women in human settlements development and in the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat), adopted 14 May 1999.
    • Resolution 19/16: Women’s role and rights in human settlements development and slum upgrading, adopted 9 May 2003.
    • Resolution 20/7: Gender equality in human settlements development, adopted 8 April 2005.
  • Commission on Human Rights
    • Resolution 1998/51: Integrating the human rights of women throughout the United Nations system, adopted 17 April 1998.
    • Resolution 1999/41: Integrating the human rights of women throughout the United Nations system, adopted 26 April 1999.
    • Resolution 2000/13: Women's equal ownership of, access to and control over land and the equal rights to own property and to adequate housing, adopted 17 April 2000.
    • Resolution 2001/34: Women's equal ownership of, access to and control over land and the equal rights to own property and to adequate housing, adopted 20 April 2001.
    • Resolution 2002/49: Women's equal ownership, access to and control over land and the equal rights to own property and to adequate housing, adopted 23 April 2002.
    • Resolution 2003/22: Women's equal ownership, access to and control over land and the equal rights to own property and to adequate housing, adopted 22 April 2003.
    • Resolution 2005/25: Women's equal ownership, access to and control over land and the equal rights to own property and to adequate housing, adopted 15 April 2005.
  • Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (formerly Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities)
    • Resolution 1997/19: Women and the right to adequate housing and to land and property, adopted 27 August 1997.
    • Resolution 1998/15: Women and the right to land, property and adequate housing, adopted 21 August 1998.
    • Resolution 1998/16: Traditional practices affecting the health of women and the girl child , adopted 21 August 1998.
    • Resolution 1999/15: Women and the right to development, adopted 25 August 1999.
  • Commission on the Status of Women
    • Resolution 42/1: Human rights and land rights discrimination, adopted 13 March 1998.

Children and youth's housing rights

  • General Assembly
    • Resolution 48/136: Plight of street children, adopted 20 December 1993.
    • Resolution 49/212: The plight of street children, adopted 23 December 1994.
  • Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (formerly Commission on Human Settlements)
    • Resolution 15/14: Concrete measure towards the full realization of children's housing rights, adopted 1 May 1995.
    • Resolution 16/17: The rights of the child, particularly with respect to shelter and related services, adopted 7 May 1997.
    • Resolution 20/1: The plight of street children, adopted 8 April 2005.
  • Commission on Human Rights
  • Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (formerly Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities)
    • Resolution 1994/8: Children and the right to adequate housing, adopted 26 August 1994.

Indigenous peoples' housing rights

  • Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (formerly Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities)
    • Resolution 1994/45: Draft United Nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples, adopted 26 August 1994.

Refugees and internally displaced persons' housing rights

  • Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (formerly Commission on Human Settlements)
    • Resolution 6/13: Refugees and the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless, adopted 5 May 1983.
  • Commission on Human Rights
    • Resolution 1998/50: Internally displaced persons, adopted 17 April 1998.
    • Resolution 1999/47: Internally displaced persons, adopted 27 April 1999.
    • Resolution 2005/46: Internally displaced persons, adopted 19 April 2005.
  • Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (formerly Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities)
    • Resolution 1998/26: Housing and property restitution in the context of the return of refugees and internally displaced persons, adopted 26 August 1998.
    • Decision 1999/108: Housing and property restitution in the context of the return of refugees and internally displaced persons, decided 25 August 1999.
    • Resolution 2002/7: Housing and property restitution in the context of the return of refugees and internally displaced persons, adopted 14 August 2002.

Other

  • General Assembly
    • Resolution 43/181: Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000, adopted 20 December 1988.
  • Economic and Social Council
    • Resolution 1987/37: The International Year of Shelter for the Homeless, adopted 28 May 1987.
  • Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (formerly Commission on Human Settlements)
    • Resolution 9/10: The small-scale production of building materials and components, adopted 16 May 1986.
    • Resolution 13/10: Shelter for the population affected by extreme poverty, adopted 8 May 1991.
    • Resolution 14/3: Shelter, employment and the poor, adopted 5 May 1993.
    • Resolution 14/16: Building materials for housing, adopted 5 May 1993.
    • Resolution 15/10: Priorities for national action to provide housing for all, adopted 1 May 1995.
    • Resolution 16/22: Cooperation in the eradication of poverty, adopted 6 May 1997.
    • Resolution 17/20: Work programme and budget of the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) for the biennium 2000-2001, adopted 14 May 1999.