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Untitled Document

ACTIVITIES

DMP is involved in providing a wide range of support for different field operations in disaster and post conflict settings. The involvement in these operational activities helps strengthen the links between normative frameworks and the practical realities on the ground in crisis situations.

FIELD AND COUNTRY OPERATIONS SUPPORTED BY DMP

GLOBAL ACTIVITIES

NORMATIVE ACTIVITIES

FIELD AND COUNTRY OPERATIONS SUPPORTED BY DMP

DMP/UN-HABITAT, in collaboration with UN-ISDR, held a regional consultation on Local Management and Disaster Reduction in the Caribbean Region in September 2002 with a number of Central American and Caribbean states, namely Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Dominican Republic and Cuba. The main objective of the consultation was to develop disaster mitigation and management capacity for local governments at municipality level. By December 2003 the final document was produced, in collaboration with the Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, and recommendations were prepared
See press release:(english,spanish)

The project programme, conceived as an initial step in the implementation of a regional programme to strengthen capacities for risk reduction at the local level as an integral part of human settlements management in the Spanish-speaking Caribbean basin, was achieved and a strategy for a two-year approach in consolidating the process by building the needed structures was defined with objectives and expected outputs. Identification of potential donors has been undertaken, and the fund-raising will commence in early 2004.

The formulated methodology and strategy for Regional Consultations, based on the success of the Cuban experience, was introduced in Mozambique during the first DMP mission in March 2003. The objective is to develop a programme for technical support and cooperation with municipalities for the formulation of disaster reduction plans as part of overall municipal management. The process is ongoing, and it is anticipated that the DMP will replicate the local consultation among the selected municipalities in Mozambique in the biennium 2004-2005, subject to funding availability. The same strategy will be applied in the Seychelles and Madagascar with an objective of reducing the vulnerability of local communities towards hazards through improving the skills of municipal authorities and local organizations for disaster management.

The rehabilitation of the two road projects in southern Sudan has continued throughout the biennium. The works on Kaya-Rumbek Road were concluded in December 2003 due to the shortcomings in funding, whereas the works on Narus-Napadal road are progressing well and are expected to be completed within the current grant period by December 2004.

In Liberia, at the request of the OCHA Humanitarian Coordinator in October 2003 DMP prepared inputs for the Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) in two selected sectors, namely protection of land and property rights of displaced populations and establishing a reconstruction strategy for the country. The CAP process is still ongoing.

In Somalia, as part of the ongoing support of DMP in providing normative support to field programmes, particularly in such important areas as gender mainstreaming in post conflict contexts, DMP has assisted the Regional Office for Africa and Arab States (ROAAS) in their Local Leadership Programme. The cooperation involves conducting Training of Trainers in Somalia in gender, the production of a handbook on Gender, and the Involvement of Women in Local Governance. The draft was finalized in December 2003, and will be further tested during field training in January and February 2004.

In further gender related activities, DMP and UN-ISDR (Africa) undertook a joint initiative in late 2003 in conducting a regional gender and disaster management review: Gender and Disaster Management Policy in Africa. The review is part of a broader strategy of UNISDR and DMP/UN-HABITAT to bring greater focus to gender issues through all disaster management activities. The outcome of the review will be a series of recommendations to inform the development of disaster management policy from a gendered perspective. The initial report and recommendations were released at the end of December 2003. These recommendations will form the basis of a conference on Women and Disaster Management in Africa to be held in Nairobi in 2004.

In close collaboration with the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK), UN-HABITAT projects in Kosovo attend to four key areas: the rehabilitation of the municipal administration; development of new spatial planning legislation; the regularization of housing and property rights; and the restoration of property and land registries. The Kosovo Programme also includes training of local government elected officials in collaboration with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the European Union. In mid-2002 UN-HABITAT signed a Memorandum of Understanding with UNMIK, which took over management of Housing Property Directorate (HPD) and Housing Property Claims Commission (HPCC) in Kosovo. However, to continue the provision of such support regionally, UN-HABITAT remains responsible for the HPD in Serbia and Montenegro.

In November 2003 a new project was initiated in Kosovo“Governance and Development Planning Programme”. Over the implementation period of 24 months, the project will ensure that participatory governance procedures have been anchored at all levels of planning and management in the spatial planning sector in Kosovo. DMP has also provided support for the development of a gender strategy for UN-HABITAT’s activities in Kosovo.

UN-HABITAT has also been working in the region more broadly, through its assessment of the housing sector in Serbia and Montenegro. This assessment has provided the basis for greater support by UN-HABITAT in Serbia in the form of a Settlement and Integration of Refugees Programme. The objectives of this programme are to develop local and republic-wide capacities to deal with refugee integration and to improve living conditions for refugees through promotion of sustainable housing and social and economic integration.

Building cross-border linkages is of crucial importance to reduce ethnic tensions and make headway towards long term peace and stablity in the region. In this regard, a project identification was undertaken in 2003 both in Southern Serbia and the Former Yugoslav Repubic of Macedonia (FYROM) to strengthen local capacities to undertake strategic urban development planning at municipality levels. In Croatia, UN-HABITAT finalized a project formulation at the end of 2003 that looks at strengthening local governments for enhanced administration and development capacity.

In Asia, The UNEP/UN-HABITAT vulnerability assessment tool was applied to the Dongting Lake Basin in China. In addition, UNEP/UN-HABITAT Task Force on Flood Response arranged for assessment of vulnerability to flood impacts and damages in Rajshahi City in Bangladesh. The next phase of the task will include the preparation of a vulnerability reduction plan.
Click here for more Information on floods

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GLOBAL ACTIVITIES

Quantification of Risk, Vulnerability and Impact of Disasters

The project aim is to support the activities of the UN-ISDR/WG3 by collecting and organizing an inventory of risk analysis and vulnerability assessment tools, which can be easily accessed both by UN-ISDR partners and the general public through the internet. The project has thus far relied on the in-kind support of UN-HABITAT/DMP and UNDP-BCPR/DRU, and a broad selection of tools gathered and loosely organized in a ‘Registry’. This phase of the project requires the expert inputs of individuals with both substantive technical and information management capacity to develop the web-site architecture, aggressively collect further tools and information, develop, through consultations, classification systems to assist users with the identification of suitable tools, organize the materials in an accessible manner and publish the Registry on the UN-ISDR website. Estimated completion date: December 2004. Open the Questionnaire
Click here for more information on Global Activities

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NORMATIVE ACTIVITIES

Engendering Disaster Management in Africa-A Review of Policy and Design in Africa

What is the relationship between disaster management and gender?
This review attempts to address this question through a focus on the development and implementation of disaster management policy in the African region.

What is the relationship between disaster management and gender? This review attempts to address this question through a focus on the development and implementation of disaster management policy in the African region. The review will provide recommendations for governments, civil society and international agencies on the effective development and implementation of gender sensitive disaster management policy based on lessons learned from the African region.

The review is part of a broader strategy of UNISDR and UN-HABITAT’s Disaster Post-Conflict and Safety Section to bring greater focus to gender issues through all disaster management activities. In recognition of the importance of policy as a guide for the implementation of sustainable strategies for disaster mitigation and response, this review will emphasize gender in disaster management policy development in Africa. As such, a policy review will underpin the study, examining specifically what substantive references are made, if any, to gender issues, and women in particular, in all policy related to disaster management at the national level in the region. In order to deepen the review, a case study on the experience of Kenya in disaster management in both policy and practice has been undertaken, and other case studies throughout the region are ongoing. Estimated completion date: April/May 2004.

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For more details or information on the DMP activities, please contact
Dan Lewis: dan.lewis@unhabitat.org or Jaana Mioch: jaana.mioch@unhabitat.org.