Equally important to any policy document, aside
from the goals themselves, are the owners of and
decision-makers behind the document. In this case
the relevant questions to be addressed by UN-HABITAT's
Gender Policy would be the following:
1. Who is accountable
and responsible for the implementation of the
2. Who will provide support to the process of
3. Who is the Gender Policy written for?
4. Who will benefit from it?
Outlining the stakeholders
of the policy document makes them visible to the
user and therefore accountable to the objectives
of the document. A policy document without a known
owner is not likely to have an impact or be firmly
founded in the organisation. On the other hand
a policy document that openly identifies the responsibilities
and roles of diverse stakeholders will be more
useful and have a larger impact. This section
of the Gender Policy will therefore outline the
responsible and relevant stakeholders of UN-HABITAT.
Who is accountable and responsible for the implementation
of the Policy?
for the UN-HABITAT's Gender Policy is at the highest
level of management within the Programme, that
is the Executive Director (ED) of UN-HABITAT.
The ED of UN-HABITAT will always be ultimately
accountable for the end result of the Programme's
work as well as its policy decisions, and the
implementation of the Gender Policy by UN-HABITAT.
However, as the overall
owner of the Gender Policy, the ED will not be
able to implement the direct demands of the policy.
In every day work, the responsibilities outlined
in the policy will therefore be delegated according
to the structure of the Programme. Therefore,
the Senior Management is responsible for gender
mainstreaming in their specific Branches and Divisions.
This system of delegation
will be followed throughout the Programme and
in the day-to-day work of the staff acknowledging
the Gender Policy in the overall framework of
the Habitat Agenda. This implies that the ED,
together with the Senior Management, has the overall
responsibility to ensure that UN-HABITAT's Gender
Policy is implemented, and they are accountable
for the outreach and impact of its objectives.
However, the professional staff of the Programme
must be responsible for the direct implementation
of the policy document in their day-to-day work
Who will provide support to the process of gender
To support staff
in implementing the objectives of the Gender Policy,
the Gender Policy Unit (GPU) has been established
with the aim of building capacity and strengthening
awareness within the Programme. The gender specialists
within the GPU will provide support to all levels
of the Programme in order to enable a better understanding
of and attaining the Gender Policy objectives.
Another support function
within the Programme is the Gender Task Force
(GTF), consisting of gender focal points from
all branches and divisions within UN-HABITAT,
including the four regional offices. The members
meet on a regular basis to discuss and develop
strategies and institutional mechanisms for gender
mainstreaming within UN-HABITAT. The conveyor
of the task force, elected by the GTF takes part
in Senior Management Board (SMB) meetings in order
to incorporate a gender perspective in the decision-making
and the procedures at this level. The GTF is also
responsible for assessing gender mainstreaming
work within the Programme on a yearly basis.
Who is the Gender Policy written for?
The policy is designed
to be used by all professional staff and management
in their everyday work as a reference for planning,
decision-making and implementation of interventions.
The identified implementers
of the Gender Policy, UN-HABITAT's staff and management,
are the identified target group as they are crucial
in the implementation of the policy objectives,
as the agents of gender mainstreaming in UN-HABITAT's
work. This includes Senior Managers, middle managers
and the professional staff within UN-HABITAT.
As such, the UN-HABITAT
staff and management must be viewed as the primary
stakeholders of the policy document. The secondary
stakeholders, of the Gender Policy, are the numbers
of beneficiaries for programmes and projects implemented
by UN-HABITAT. These include the women and men
in countries affected by UN-HABITAT's operational
Who will benefit from the Gender Policy?
The overall target
group of the Gender Policy are the stakeholders
of UN-HABITAT's activities, or the women and men
among partners and within Member States. This
includes the beneficiaries of programmes and projects,
partners such as institutions and NGO's and the
government bodies with whom the UN-HABITAT collaborates.
This therefore includes
a large number of people and bodies which should
all be taken into account in all planning, decision-making
and implementation of activities. To be able to
reach this group it is crucial that implementers,
e.g. staff and management, use the policy in their
work to reach the end users or beneficiaries.
This implies that these groups of beneficiaries
are always kept in mind and analysed from a gender
perspective at all levels in implementing the
Partners and Resources
always aim to implement the Gender Policy in collaboration
with external partners from civil society. This
includes NGO's, community based organisations
and other groups active in the area of human settlements
development and gender mainstreaming/women's rights.
Staff and management are advised to consult with
women's movement and similar groups on a regular
basis in their implementation of the Habitat Agenda.
Civil society should have a clear entry point
in participating and giving inputs to UN-HABITAT's
interventions. (See UN-HABITAT's Partnership Policy
for more detailed presentation of the partners,
roles and responsibility)
Stakeholders and Beneficiaries
The secondary stakeholders
of the Gender Policy, as was stated above, are
the beneficiaries of the implementation of the
Habitat Agenda. These stakeholders must be visible
and their presence articulated in all programme
and project planning for UN-HABITAT to be aware
of gender differences.