REGIONAL OFFICE FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
September, an agreement was signed by the Office of the First
Lady of Ecuador, UNDP, OPS-OMS Ecuador, The Santo Domingo
Foundation, the Institute for the Child and Family (INNFA)
and UMP-LAC, formalising the implementation of the Ecuadorian
Chapter of the project “Youth Taking Care of the Environment”
(Oct 2002-Oct. 2003). UMP-LAC will undertake the implementation
and follow-up activities. The project will be implemented
in 5 Ecuadorian cities to strengthen income generation and
environmental management activities for youth.
The City Consultation on Solid Waste Management in Port of
Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, gathered momentum in October 2002.
The draft Baseline Study has now been completed, as have community
action plans for the three pilot locations in East Port of
Spain. A key recommendation is for institutional and legal
reforms to facilitate the creation of solid waste micro enterprises.
Activities in November and December aim to gain the approval
of local stakeholders for the baseline study and the East
Port of Spain Action Plan and confirm an inter-actor agreement
between stakeholders for the development and implementation
of detailed Priority Action Programmes.
IPES/UMP-LAC and the Municipality of Ibarra signed an agreement
for the development of a municipal programme on Urban Agriculture
(UA) and participatory budgeting for UA. The Municipality
will finance staff time of one IPES/UMP-LAC staff member to
support capacity building and implementation of a local City
Consultation on the subject.
There has been progress in upscaling of the urban agriculture
and micro credit city consultation in Quito, Ecuador in the
development of a strategy to sell UA produce. With the local
partners and producers, and using a participatory methodology
designed by UMP-LAC, an overall product label and name is
being developed that will be presented in November. An agreement
has been signed between UMP, IPES and a marketing group that
aims to capture private funds for a social marketing and promotion
campaign. IPES/UMP, with support from students from the Venice
University and the University of Sorbonnne (Paris), have continued
to support the Quito Zonal administrations in capacity building
on identifying market opportunities and micro-credit systems.
The CDS in Rio Grande do Sul is progressing well. The thematic
commissions are working to elaborate the Action Plan through
various commissions. One is the Informal Economy commission,
which led to the establishment of a micro-credit institution.
A “Local Governments as Development Promoters commission”
has initiated a process of capacity building through a workshop
held in July in São Luiz Gonzaga. This workshop was
attended by 73 people from thirteen municipalities from the
region and two from other regions. The thematic commissions
are working on the elaboration of the Action Plan. The Gender
Equity commission has led to collaboration between the Cities
Alliance and the People's Legal Promoters project, and gender
is being integrated into the other commissions. Through the
Formal Economy commission, a seminar on agro-industrial networks
was conducted. The regional government and the thematic commissions
are currentlypreparing a seminar to validate the Action Plan.
With support of Luisa Recchia from the University of Venetia
in Italy, UMP-LAC is supporting the formation of a “Network
on local economic development and strengthening of the informal
sector”, with participation of more than 20 local organisations.
Several pilot projects are being prepared (such as a Fair
Trade Market- linking consumers and producers directly) and
other project proposals are formulated.
In the Dominican Republic, the Third Regional Contest on
Affirmative Actions to Promote the Participation of Women
in Local Decision Making was launched on September 27. This
was done during the IULA's global meeting “The Status of Women
in Local Decision Making: Where we are, where we want to be.”
The Contest is organised by UMP-LAC /UN-HABITAT, UNIFEM-ALC
and the Latin American Federation of Women in Local Government
FEMUM-ALC. A lot of work has been done to disseminate the
Contest, through different communication means to reach a
significant proportion of the 16,000 Latino American local
governments. Posters, web sites and spots and radio clips
in Spanish, English and Portuguese are on air until the end
of December 2002.
In the 2nd International meeting on Participatory Budgeting
(PB), held from August 19 to 21 in Villa El Salvador, Perú,
UMP/LAC strengthened its links with municipalities in the
region around the subject of participatory budgeting. In September,
UMP-LAC participated in an evaluation seminar of the local
Peruvian municipality participatory budgeting process. UMP/LAC
also implemented a workshop in which new criteria of distribution
of resources of investment were defined. From October 11 to
16, UMP-LAC implemented the first Provincial meeting on PB
in Cañete, Peru, in which more than 130 citizens were
trained on the subject. The central focus of the meeting was
a simulation of a PB process. At the end of the meeting a
committee was elected charged to organise the implementation
of PB in Cañete.
UMP-LAC was invited by a network of Bolivian stakeholders
(National Network for Citizen Partnership and Social Control)
to co-promote and participate in the first national seminar
on participatory budgeting in Bolivia. A Speech on "Conceptualization
of Participatory Budgeting (PB) drawing from Latin American
experiences" was presented. Some suggestions for the
implementation of PB at local level were made by UMP and touched
upon the various dimension of the PB: participatory, physical,
financial, legal and multi-cultural. UMP LAC was formally
requested by various institutions to support their implementation
of the Participatory Budgeting experiences and a network on
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REGIONAL OFFICE FOR THE ARAB
The Environmental Quality Institute (EQI) is in the process
of finalising and implementing knowledge management activities
in the Arab States region as a major activity of Phase 4.
The work will centre around information and knowledge consolidation
and inventory, making materials readily available on the web,
and supporting the knowledge management efforts of the AMFED
and NENA Urban Forums as structures to continue urban management
work in the region. A Regional AMFED meeting will take place
from 25 – 27 February in Beirut with a key objective the development
of a regional action plan for the ongoing involvement of AMFED
in sustainable development activities. This meeting will take
place with ESCWA and links between Urban Governance Campaign
activities in the region will also be explored.
Planning for the CDS activity in Tetouan Region in Morocco
is moving forward. This activity will be the vehicle to launch
the discussion about the linkages among municipalities in
the metropolitan region to reduce poverty through regional
cooperation and economic development. The CDS process will
also help substantiate decentralisation in Morocco by preparing
locally elected authorities to better represent their constituency
in dialogue with national and regional government officials.
The objectives are to build the capacity of municipal government
officials to manage their city and the metropolitan region
through a more inclusive and consultative process, to support
the decentralisation of administrative and financial authority
to municipal governments and to disseminate the CDS learning
process to other Moroccan cities and introduce the CDS as
a governance tool in the Near East and North Africa (NENA)
region. It is being implemented by the NENA Urban Forum.
A Regional Training of Trainers on “Training for Elected
Leadership” is being organised by UN-HABITAT and the Ismailia
Sustainable Development Training Centre - (ISDTC) in Egypt
in March 2003 (dates to be confirmed). All UMP Anchor Institutions
will participate. This activity will both train trainers in
the Elected Leadership series training methodology and will
result in the adaptation of the generic materials to the Teluga
context. This exercise will allow the implementation of training
sessions using the adapted version for the benefit of the
elected councillors as well as the municipal technicians countrywide.
The main objective is to provide the necessary training on
leadership and management to local authorities in the municipalities
with the aim of improving leadership and management skills
of councillors, local authorities and municipal technicians,
thus securing a smooth transfer towards decentralised government
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REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA
is exploring possible links with the ADB project on Urban
Infrastructure and Services Project in Vientiane, Lao PDR,
for its follow-up work on gender-sensitive participatory planning
process and to institutionalize the process into the development
Following a successful consultation during Phase 3, the Semarang
City Authority in Indonesia, with the assistance of UMP LPI,
Pt. Wiswakharman, has indicated commitment to institutionalize
the consultative participatory process in the development
of Semarang City 2003 Poverty Reduction Programmes, particularly
on pro-poor policy, capacity building on micro-credit and
self-help rehabilitation. A city consultation in Balikpapan
on participatory planning and community development for poverty
reduction will be a replication of the city consultation in
Semarang. It is part of the scaling- up multi-stakeholder
participatory planning processes to other cities in Indonesia.
The City of Balikpapan is committed to mobilizing resources
from within the City budget for this project.
Urbnet-Vietnam has proposed follow-up activities to UMP the
city consultations on multi-sectoral investment planning (MSIP)
in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City by strengthening the capacity
of local officials in adapting MSIP in their localities, starting
with Danang City. UMP is exploring possible links with ADB’s
on-going project in Danang for this purpose.
UMP will continue to follow-up the city consultation in Phnom
Penh on building the capacity of municipality and civil society
on gender-sensitive approaches for pro-poor policy development.
Specific follow-up support will be in informal sector policy
development and links are being explored with ILO.
A workplan for replication of the Pasig Bayanihan Paluwagan
(community savings for mutual-help) Programme in the Philippines
involving 5 cities has been developed by VEDCOR, the UMP LPI
in Pasig, following a national consultation on UMP Phase 4
in Pasig in August 2002. UMP has initiated the integration
of this proposal with a nation-wide local economic development
program of the Department of Interior and Local Government
(DILG) within the broader context of the Secure Tenure and
Good Urban Governance campaigns in the Philippines.
An action plan for an HIV/AIDS city consultation in Phnom
Penh Cambodia have been developed by representatives of the
city and an NGO during a workshop organized by Citynet, TUGI
and others partners in Kuala Lumpur in 2001. UMP, with UNDP
funding, will take this a step further and adopt a multi-stakeholders
participatory approach in developing more detailed action
plans. In Mumbai, India, a city with serious problem of HIV/AIDS,
a similar approach will be adopted.
A proposal on Capacity Building for Gender Responsiveness
in Local Governance in Philippines Cities and Municipalities
was jointly developed with Senator Loren Legarda’s Office
in August 2002. The main objective of this project is to assist
local government units of selected cities and municipalities
in gender-mainstreaming and pro-poor governance. This capacity
building programme will involve a series of gender-responsive
consultative workshops leading-up to the preparation of action
plans. Sixteen cities have been identified for the project.
The Maharashtra Consultations in India are being upscaled
to all Class I towns in the State. With technical support
from the UMPSA, the AI (AIILSG) has set up an SWM cell which
is currently in the process of studying the SWM aspects of
Class I towns. Several divisional consultations in this regard
have been undertaken.
The DFID-funded poverty project in Colombo, Sri Lanka, is
currently in its second year. Field surveys have been undertaken
by Sevanatha (the LPI) and slum communities have been identified
for grass roots activities. As part of knowledge management,
Sevanatha has been holding meetings to facilitate the dissemination
of the experiences learnt during the preparation of the poverty
profile for Colombo and has also translated the profile into
the vernacular (Sinhalese). Activities in Matale, Sri Lanka,
will be a replication of the work Colombo, and the focus of
the consultation will be on poverty reduction.
The city consultation on poverty in Delhi, India, has been
concentrating on the empowerment of women in slum communities
of Delhi. Micro-credit and thrift societies are being formed
in 6 slum communities. The current focus of the activities
is on institutionalizing women’s Solidarity Groups within
the slum settlements, leading to a holistic view on empowerment.
The UMP CC in Indore, India, focuses on revenue mobilization
and environmental management. Action plans on the above core
issues are being finalised, and efforts are currently on to
co-opt these action plans within the planning framework of
the local government.
Attempts are being made by the Municipal Association of Nepal
(MuAN) to work towards launching the Good Urban Governance
Campaign (GUGC) in Nepal with the assistance of the AI (AIILSG)
and UMPSA. Efforts are being made to involve various international
and multilateral agencies in the launch activities for the
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REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
The Malindi Youth Consultative Council (MYCC) was launched
on the 28th September 2002 in Kenya, with the aim of improving
the integration of youth issues in municipal decision-making
processes. Following the launch and after a series of negotiations
with the Town Council of Malindi, MYCC was provided with a
municipal office to host the MYCC Secretariat. The key to
the secretariat was officially handed over by the Municipality
on Friday the 1st November and ITDG also handed over 2 computers
and a printer to equip the secretariat. Following this ceremony,
a consultation workshop was held to discuss the youth profile
report for Malindi and develop operating systems and procedures
for the MYCC secretariat.
The youth profile exercise reached 3000 youth through a questionnaire
process and another 1000 through focus groups discussions,
transect walks and livelihood mapping exercises. The survey
showed that youth had very little understanding of the municipal
decision-making process and limited participation. The overall
problem facing the youth was unemployment and lack of marketable
skills (77%), constrained by a poor and unsafe enabling environment
- the youth mentioned lack of access to credit and continued
harassment by police and municipal officials - and a lack
of information on opportunities. The youth identified the
need to create a space for their views as crucial to boosting
their low self confidence and banishing apathy and criminal
temptations. The consultation developed a six month work plan
to start addressing these issues and a number of partners
present committed their support to the implementation of the
work plan. This process is an exciting development as it is
the first youth and governance activity to be supported by
UMP-ROA. It is hoped that MYCC will prove an example for initiatives
elsewhere in Kenya and the region. A case study of the Malindi
process will appear in the UMP-ROA Youth and Governance Occasional
Paper which is currently under preparation.
UMP-ROA plans to hold a regional resource mobilisation capacity
building workshop for Anchor Institutions in January 2002.
The workshop will focus on developing structures and modalities
to effectively support resource mobilisation during UMP Phase
IV and beyond.
UMP-MDP plans to translate the UMP-ROA Occasional Paper on
HIV/AIDS and Local Governance into Portuguese for local governments
in Mozambique and other Lusophone speaking countries in Africa.
The Bureau national d’Etudes Techniques et de Développement
(BNETD) in Abidjan has undertaken strategic development activities
for the district of Bamako in Mali and cities of Côte
d’Ivoire, with the objective of identifing the social, economic
and cultural development to reduce poverty through governance.
In Guinea, BNETD has led a survey on taxation system in the
city of Conakry. Work in the region has also included a recent
study on governance in Côte d’Ivoire to assess the improvement
related to governance issues in the country and to set indicators
for the follow-up of this activity. The launch for this work
took place in Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. BNETD has also elaborated
an action plan to fight HIV/AIDS in the district of Abidjan.
For more information, contact: Ramsey.F@mgmt.wits.ac.za